Autopsy and Case Reports
https://www.autopsyandcasereports.org/article/doi/10.4322/acr.2023.437
Autopsy and Case Reports
Clinical Case Report and Review

Hydatid cyst involving the mandible ramus

Nivedhitha Maraimalai; Manisha Ahire Sardar; Kavita Wadde; Om Kharat; Shaheen Kanpurwala; Asha Chowdhar

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Abstract

Parasitic infections rarely involve the oral and maxillofacial regions and pose a diagnostic challenge when they do. Hydatid cysts are parasitic cysts caused by Echinococcus granulosus. Intraosseous involvement is observed in 3% of cases, of which only 2-6% are in the maxillofacial region. A scientific literature search revealed only seven cases involving the mandible. We report a rare case in a 16-year-old female patient who presented with facial asymmetry and well-defined radiolucency of the ramus. Our findings will help in understanding the diagnostic issues caused by non-specific presentation and difficulties in suspecting such a rare diagnosis as echinococcosis of the oral or maxillofacial region. A thorough systemic investigation is essential as 20-30% of these cases show multiorgan involvement.

Keywords

Echinococcosis, Hydatidosis, Hydatid Cysts, Jaw Cysts

References

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Submitted date:
03/19/2023

Accepted date:
05/23/2023

Publication date:
06/22/2023

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