Autopsy and Case Reports
http://www.autopsyandcasereports.org/article/doi/10.4322/acr.2018.084
Autopsy and Case Reports
Article / Clinical Case Report

JAK2-mutated acute myeloid leukemia: comparison of next-generation sequencing (NGS) and single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNPa) findings between two cases

Thiago Rodrigo de Noronha; Miguel Mitne-Neto; Maria de Lourdes Chauffaille

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Abstract

JAK2 mutations are rare in de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and JAK2-mutated acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients usually have a previous history of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs). Current advances in laboratory techniques, such as single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNPa) and next-generation sequencing (NGS), have facilitated new insight into the molecular basis of hematologic diseases. Herein, we present two cases of JAK2-mutated AML in which both SNPa and NGS methods added valuable information. Both cases had leukemogenic collaboration, namely, copy-neutral loss of heterozygosity (CN-LOH), detected on chromosome 9. One of the cases exhibited both JAK2 and IDH2 mutations, most likely having originated as an MPN with leukemic transformation, while the other case was classified as a de novo AML with JAK2, CEBPA, and FLT3 mutations.

Keywords

Cytogenetics, Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Sequence Analysis, DNA

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